Home Planetary Nebulae


At "A" the direction of the containing magnetic fields change direction causing the pink belts. At "B" the inner plasma is being contained via the magnetohydrodynamic process by the outer containment fields sweeping of the core. Ejected balls-of-light of the left and right poles of the star are explosively decaying within the electromagnetic jackets. The containing fields are not powerful enough and symmetrical enough to keep the explosions from blowing out the ends of the electromagnetic jackets at "D". The explosions at "C" are actually strengthening the confinement fields "A".

One Quadrant of a Table that summarizes the Ball-of-Light Particle Model

Electric, Magnetic & Gravitational Field Interactions according to the Ball-of-Light Particle Model (1 of 4 tables)

Decaying Ball-of-Light


Animation of how fields can induce a smaller ball-of-light. (There are other decay modes.)

Photon Animation

Notice how waves of energy sweep of the core of these planetary nebulae in the same way.

Eta Carinae

Eta Carinae shows graphically how induced gravitational fields can shape the two outer lobes. The lobes are not just expanding, they are curving around due to the induced gravitational fields on the outsides of the lobes. If massive balls-of-light explosively decay within the lobes they will change their appearance to that of M2-9 above.

The Hourglass Nebulae

The famous Hourglass nebulae also demonstrates a shape sculpted by electric, magnetic and gravitational fields.

The Southern Crab Nebulae

The latest image from the Hubble Space Telescope further demonstrates on electric, magnetic and gravitational fields sculpt the shape. The same principles are used in my nuclear fusion reactor designs.